South Africa is among the global ﬁshing nations which have identiﬁed the challenges within their ﬁshing industry. With 22 commercial ﬁsheries sectors and new ﬁsheries being explored and experimented with, South Africa has two ﬁsheries sector components.
Wild capture ﬁsheries include three distinct components, commercial, recreational and subsistence ﬁsheries, each of which requires speciﬁc research and management interventions. The aquaculture (ﬁsh farming) sector is considered underdeveloped and as a result, has been prioritised, due to declining wild stocks.
- The Small-Scale Fisheries Policy [PDF] seeks to address imbalances of the past and ensure that small-scale ﬁshers are accommodated and properly managed. For the ﬁrst time, ﬁshing rights will be allocated on a group, rather than an individual basis. The policy further aims to support investment in community entities to take joint responsibility for sustainably managing the ﬁsheries resources and to address the depletion of critical ﬁsheries stocks.
- The department has entered into a service-level agreement with the South African Navy to manage its ﬂeet of four patrol vessels and three research vessels for a year, while the department considers its various options regarding the long-term management of these vessels.